The Newlands of East Finely,Washington Co.,Pennsylvania.
After their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga, the 40,000 men of the Union Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga. Confederate General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee besieged the city, threatening to starve the Union forces into surrender. Bragg's troops established themselves on Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, both of which had excellent views of the city, the Tennessee River flowing through the city, and the Union's supply lines. The only supply line that was not controlled by the Confederates was a roundabout, tortuous course nearly 60 miles long over Walden's Ridge from Bridgeport, Alabama. Heavy rains began to fall in late September, washing away long stretches of the mountain roads. On October 1, Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's Confederate cavalry intercepted and severely damaged a train of 800 wagons—burning hundreds of the wagons, and shooting or sabering hundreds of mules—at the start of his October 1863 Raid through Tennessee to sever Rosecrans's supply line. Toward the end of October, Federal soldiers' rations were "four cakes of hard bread and a quarter pound of pork" every three days. KEEP READING HERE.
Isaac Newland III & his younger brother Thomas S Newland enlisted in the Union Army, Chili, Illinois, 14 Aug 1862. Company D of The 78th Regiment History. My Great Grandmother the eldest child of Isaac Newland and Elmira Ann Sullivan was an infant at the time when her mother dies early, she will raise the rest of her siblings.
Isaac Newland III's mother Besty (Ross) Newland said to be of Cherokee descent, was the daughter of Daniel Ross and Katherine McNeal. I have all kinds of (Mc) in my family ancestry. Daniel Ross and family were living in a hollowed out tree stump which they roofed, in Washington Co.,Pennsylvania. Daniel & Kathrine Ross, had Alexander Ross, in Lafayette's escort from Wheeling to Pittsburg. William, John, Daniel, Betsy, Phebe and Grizzella Ross. Daniel Ross Sr., was murdered and thrown in the river. Isaac Newland III's paternal Grand father Isaac Newland Sr., married Mollie Allen who was born at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. Isaac and Thomas's eldest brother Daniel Ross Newland, born 1832-1865 died in the Civil War, he left a widow and 3 orphans.
The Newlands didn't have an easy life but it looks like that is the way they preferred it. There is a message somewhere in their story. People today are trained to take the easiest path, not the best path, not the most rewarding, just the paths most worn by those who came before them. Somewhere on our American journey, Americans have lost sight of having a choice, they just put up with whatever is offered as an explanation to them. I feel relatively certain, this isn't what my kin fought for, it's left to the rest of us, left behind to push back. In one form or another my family, and other American's families, have been fighting for this country, and some of those wars before we were a reconized country. I never read any mention of "Wealth Redistribution" as their inspiration.
Isaac and his younger brother Thomas Newland went to war, and when his older brother was wounded and sent back to an Army Hospital in Adams Co.,Illinois. Thomas proceeded to see their adventure to it's conclusion, this is Thomas' story.
(Excerpt From A History Of Butler County Kansas)
Thomas S Newland, a Civil war veteran and early settler of Butler county, is a native of Ohio. He was born in Logan County, January 18,1842, a son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Ross) Newland, natives of Pennsylvania, who were married in that state, and afterward removed to Logan county, where the father died in 1845. The mother and her children then returned to Pennsylvania, to her old home in Washington county, and in 1850, the mother and her eight children embarked on an Ohio river boat at Wheeling, W.Va., with Illinois as their destination. Mr Newland was a boy about nine years old when the family made the trip, and says he remembers that on the voyage up the river from Quincy, Ill., that the Mississippi was filled with floating ice. After a short stay at Quincy, the family removed to Hancock county, Illinois.
When the Civil war broke out, or to be exact, September 1, 1862, Mr Newland enlisted in Company B, Seventy-eighth regiment, Illinois infantry. His regiment was at first attached to the army of the Cumberland, and later took part in Sherman's march to the sea. Mr Newland participated in many of the important and hard fought battles of the great conflict. He was at the campaign of Atlanta, and after the fall of that place, he was on the expedition through the Carolinas, when the war ended. He was in the Grand Review at Washington, and afterward was sent to Chicago, Ill., where he was discharged and mustered out of service.
In 1871, he came to Butler county, Kansas and filed on a claim in Bruno township, where he remained until 1874, when grasshoppers came and destroyed every green blade of vegetation. Mr Newland made up his mind that from the general apparance of the country after the devastation of these pests, that it was not a good place to live, and he sold his claim and went to California. After working on a ranch there, for three years, he went to Skagit county, Washington, on the banks of the Skagit river, where he pre-empted a claim, which he sold in 1885. He returned to Butler county, and has since made his home in Bruno township.
Mr Newland was married in 1874, to Miss Emma Rison, a native of Kansas, and to this marriage four children were born: C.E. Newland, Alice Newland, Annie Newland, W.H. Newland. The mother of these children died in Washington in the spring of 1885, and the family returned to Kansas in the fallowing fall. In 1892, Mr Newland married Mrs. Margaret Fitzgerald, a widow. She was a daughter of George Snook, a pioneer of Bruno township.
Mr Newland is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and the Methodist Episcopal church, and has always been a stanch Republican.
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